What is the skin microbiome, and why is it important for skin health?

The skin microbiome is one of the most popular beauty topics in recent years. What is it, and why does it hold such significance for skin health?


The microbiome is a collection of microorganisms that inhabit the skin. It influences the protective properties of our skin. The more diverse the composition of bacteria on the skin's surface, the stronger its defense. The state of the microbiome also affects the synthesis of hyaluronic acid, collagen, and elastin; it helps retain moisture on the skin's surface and even influences pigment cells.

Improper care can disrupt the microbiome, thereby triggering irritation, dryness, redness, and increased sensitivity. Lack of care also has a negative impact on the skin's protective functions, as well as improper nutrition, stress, and exposure to cigarette smoke.

Hypercare can harm the microbiome as well. For example, excessive indulgence in peels and scrubs, frequent use of products with antibacterial components, and overuse of acids and retinol. A complex multi-step beauty routine can also negatively affect the microbiome.

Supporting the microbiome and restoring its balance is aided by cosmetics with probiotics and prebiotics. These components help improve the skin's protective functions and reduce inflammation. It is also important to have a balanced diet, quit smoking, protect the skin from the sun, and, of course, choose a proper skincare routine.